The similarities between HACCP and HARPC include the requirement for conducting a hazard analysis, implementing controls, monitoring and corrective actions. However, as this white paper shows, HARPC’s food safety plan requirements are more comprehensive than the traditional HACCP system.
Unlike HACCP, Hazard Analysis and Risk-based Preventive Controls (HARPC) is not a global standard, but an updated US standard incorporated into the FSMA on July 4, 2012. It applies to almost all food processing facilities, both in the US and abroad, who produce food products for distribution in the US.
If a facility mandated to develop a HARPC plan does not create a plan or if the FDA inspector determines that it is insufficient to address threats, the FDA can:
• Issue a public warning letter and/or an import alert for a foreign supplier, effectively prohibiting imports from such a foreign supplier
• Criminally charge a corporation or the person responsible for a facility for failing to meet HARPC compliance
• Suspend the facility’s food facility registration, thus stopping it distributing food in the US until the FDA endorses the updated plan and corrective actions